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Brighton’s Secret War

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image of Dignitaries including Peter Kyle MP
Dignitaries including Peter Kyle MP

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Guests and dignitaries at Secret WWII

by Andrew M. Collins

Blue plaque unveiling by the Brighton and Hove Heritage Commission and the Secret-WW2 Learning Network charity

Brighton Dome’s Corn Exchange hosted 300 guests this Saturday for an historic four blue plaque unveiling in honour and memory of Brighton’s SOE (Special Operations Executive) operatives who took part in World War 2.

SECRET WW2 LEARNING CHARITY / BRIGHTON AND HOVE HERITAGE COMMISSION

The Carve Their Names With Pride special event was organised by the Secret-WW2 Learning Network, an educational charity based in Sussex. It was founded by Marytn Bell and Martyn Cox in 2014.
The event was staged in conjunction with the Brighton and Hove Heritage Commission, an umbrella organisation who campaign for the preservation and improvements to the character and facilities of this city.

There were 300 specially invited guests including veterans, SOE operative relatives, foreign dignitaries (Colonel Patrice Morand, French Embassy Defence Attaché and Major Peronti from the Italian Embassy) local politicians, councillors and dignitaries including Peter Kyle MP, the Mayor of Brighton and Hove, BHHC representatives, several authors including Jack Higgins, documentary maker Gordon Stevens and many serving forces personnel.

 

THE BRIGHTON SOE AGENTS AND RESEARCH

 

clockwise-lt-jacqueline-nearne-capt-ronald-taylor-capt

 

The four Brighton agents –  Lt. Jacqueline Nearne, Capt. Ronald Taylor, Capt. Michael Trotobas and Edward Zeff, who had either been born or lived in Brighton, had their stories recounted by author Paul McCue who has done extensive research and penned a book Brighton’s Secret Agents which details their lives and exploits.

After recounting their individual story, a serving and a veteran forces member linked to them by virtue of their unit or history, unveiled a blue plaque on the stage in their honour.

BLUE PLAQUES

image of The secret agent blue plaques
The secret agent blue plaques

 

Roger Amerena, Chairman of the Brighton and Hove Heritage Commission, says the organising of four blue plaques simultaneously was ‘most difficult’.

“How do you logistically cope with four unveilings? The brainchild of today was actually Martyn Cox who suggested a plaque reveal which enables us to reveal the four plaques and then at a later date, each can be affixed to the different addresses.
Today is a great honour to enable us to unveil four plaques to SOE agents.”

Martyn Cox, CEO of Secret-WW2 Learning Network, described the origins of today’s unveiling. “This started in March 2015. I was chatting to Stuart (Kent) whose mother was French and in the French resistance and there was a possibility of filming an interview with her. He said he had been working on the biography of Michael Trotobas for some time because his mother had been with Trotobas in Lille.

“At the same time, Martyn Bell had been looking into the possibility of getting a blue plaque for one of his relatives (Martha Gunn). We realised Trotobas had been born in Brighton and we called ourselves a network.

“I said when your book comes out maybe we could organise a talk to promote your book, and then the blue plaque came into the scene. A historian said there’s another chap who was born in Brighton – and this thing grew.

We had three with Jacqueline … the publisher we got on board, he found number four – Ron Taylor who served in Italy. And that was it.

“I don’t think anybody has applied for four blue plaques and got away with it – we did!”

SOE HISTORY

The Special Operations Executive was created in the summer of 1940 out of three existing organisations : the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), MI(R) a branch of the Military Intelligence Directorate of the War Office and Electra House (EH), the secret propaganda arm of the Foreign Office.

It was overseen by the dynamic Hugh Dalton, the minister of Economic Warfare who campaigned to be given responsibility for the new organisation.
Churchill’s directive to Dalton was “now set Europe abalze”. Agents were trained in paramilitary techniques, languages, sabotage, communications, parachuting and many other skills necessary for operations behind enemy lines.

In all, by war’s end, there was a network of some 40,000 men and women (including auxiliaries) under SOE direct or indirect control and it is estimated of these, 800 lost their lives – though the true figure is probably much higher.

 

THE KEEP

 

Martyn Cox, co-founder of Secret-WW2 learning network has filmed over 100 interviews with surviving SOE members.

These are stored at The Keep, a world-class centre for archives that includes the East Sussex record Office (ESRO), Royal Pavilion & Museums Local History Collections and the  University of Sussex Special Collections, overseen by archivist Andrew Bennett.

Dr. Chris Warne, a Sussex Historian, gave a presentation on the value of oral testimony. The SOE videos form part of the Archive of Resistance Testimony.

FAMILY TIES

 

Brigadier Richard Dennis OBE
Brigadier Richard Dennis OBE

 

Brigadier Richard Dennis OBE and recipient of the Grand Commander Cross of the Danish Order of Dannebrog explained why he had attended the event.

“I’m here for two very specific reasons today.  First of all, as a member of the Princess of Wales’ Royal Regiment, the direct descendents of the Royal Sussex Regiment, in which Michael Trotobas served before signing up for the SOE IN 1941. So, two members of the regiment that are proud to call him one of their ex-members are here  today – myself and Capt.  Gary Pullen from B Company here in Brighton at the Princess of Wales’ Royal Regiment.

“My second equally important reason for being here is my father-in-law, Squadron Leader John Mott, is the subject of a new book being launched this week – The Twisted Florin which tells the story of his exploits both as a Whitley bomber pilot and subsequently as a Lysander pilot flying SOE agents in and out of the occupied zone during the latter stages of the war.

“So for me this has both a regimental and a very close family interest, affiliation and pride for me and I’m absolutely delighted to be here at such a wonderful, well organised and unique event.”

SOE – BELGIUM

image of SOE box of tricks
SOE box of tricks

 

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Driving  all the way from Brussels to attend was Claude Mathot, 66, whose father was a Belgian SOE agent. Mathot runs the Fraternelle des Agents Parachutises based in his home town. His father, François, was trained by the English in 1943 and worked in ‘T’ section as a saboteur.

“I’m here to perpetrate the souvenir (memory) of my father who was an SOE agent. That’s the main reason. His false name for the SOE when he was being parachuted was Mercier. And he used a lot of surnames – false names – which always began with the letter ‘V’ – so it was Valentine, Victor, and so on.”

Claude’s father continued working for the Belgian Intelligence services after the war ended and became one of the so called ‘stay-behinds’ (also known as ‘Gladio’ in Italy) – a secret network maintained by NATO to combat the perceived Communist threat from the Soviet Union.

When asked why events such as today’s are important to keep the memory of WW2 SOE agents alive, he replied: ” Because it’s a story and people have to know what the story was, the reality, the souvenir of the people that did it. Because there were a few – you know, for Belgium, there were 77 SOE agents – Belgian ones. At the end of the war, there still remained 24 alive  – a huge gap. And my father was one of the 24.”

 

The four blue plaques will be officially installed on the relevant Brighton and Hove properties next January. In the meantime, the Secret WW2 Learning Network are running events this week, and continue to research and document the lives of SOE agents.

 

Secret-WW2 Learning Network

 

http://www.secret-ww2.net/events

 

BOOKS

 

Brighton’s Secret Agents – by Paul McCue

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Brightons-Secret-Agents-Contribution-Operations/dp/1910500755

 

The Twisted Florin by Stella Marsh

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Twisted-Florin-Evasion-France-Squadron/dp/1910500585

 

SOE’s Mastermind – The Authorised Biography of Major General Sir Colin Gubbins

by Brian Lett

http://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/SOEs-Mastermind-Hardback/p/12157

 

François Mathot – Agent Secret (French language) – by Marcel Franckson

http://www.racine.be/fr/francois-mathot-agent-secret

 

The Originals: The Secret History of the Birth of the SAS: In Their Own Words – by Gordon Stevens

www.amazon.co.uk/Originals-Secret-History-Birth-Their/dp/0091901820

 

Can You Keep a Secret?: Growing Up Under Occupation, a Child’s Tale of Courage, Risk and Resistance – by Anne De Cintra

www.amazon.co.uk/Can-You-Keep-Secret-Occupation/dp/1910500747

 

 

RESEARCH

 

http://www.secret-ww2.net

 

http://www.thekeep.info

 

http://nigelperrin.com/soeagents.htm

 

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/may22/soe.htm

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